Live blog Feb 10 - Egypt protests
From our headquarters in Doha, we keep you updated on all things Egypt, with reporting from Al Jazeera staff in Cairo and Alexandria.
(All times are local in Egypt, GMT+2)
11:54pm: Our live blogging for February 11 will continue on this post.
11:50pm: Among the chants heard in Tahrir Square:
We're off to the presidential palace. We're going as millions of martyrs.
11:42pm: John Bradley, author of Inside Egypt: The Land Of The Pharoahs On The Brink Of A Revolution, tells us: "The revolution starts tomorrow. We will see unprecedented numbers of Egyptians on the streets."
11:40pm: Suleiman calls on Egyptians to "join hands and walk together to realise the demands of the youth of Egypt
11:39pm: Does General Suleiman have anyone particular in mind?
Do not listen to the satellite television stations, listen only to your hearts.
11:36pm: Sulieman says a "clear roadmap has been laid down" and that he is willing to implement "all the procedures I had promised in relation to the national dialogue ... to work toward restoring confidence."
I call on all citizens to look forward to the future, and to make this future bright.
11:34pm: Ehud Barak, Israeli defence minister says:
It's up to the Egyptian people to find a way and to do it according to their own constitution. I think we should not pretend we are more important for the Egyptian people than their own.”
11:33pm: Our correspondent reports thousands of "very angry people" filing past toward the main Egyptian state TV building.
11:29pm: Mubarak said the country's emergency law would be lifted when the time is right - but for now they remain in place. No word from Washington. Al Jazeera presenter Adrian Finighan says looking at the wires "is like watching the tumbleweed pass by".
11:25pm: Thomas Gorguissian tells Al Jazeera the protests planned for tomorrow "are now likely to be much, much larger". Something of an understatement, given the reaction of the crowd.
11:23pm: He said he "lived for Egypt and would die for Egypt".
I will not be separated from this soil until I am buried underneath it.
11:15pm: Mubarak said he will delegate some responsibilities of power to Omar Suleiman - but not an all out transfer of power. He said mistakes were "likely in any political regime" and that he would seek to punish 'those who committed crimes against our youth to the most severe sentences allowed in law".
I address the families of the victims who fell. I feel the same pain you felt.
The crowds in Tahrir seem to feel little sympathy, jeering - and taking off their shoes and shaking them at Mubarak's image on the TV screen,
11:12pm Mubarak refuses to stand down - he vows he will stay in office until September, and will not bow down to "foreign pressure".
11:05pm: He's not going anywhere soon. The volume in Tahrir Square has just ramped up in anger; the carnival atmosphere is changing very, very quickly.
I have exhausted my life defending the homeland and its security. I went to war, I lived through occupation and I lived through teh liberation of Sinai. I have faced death on many occasion.
11:03pm: Mubarak says the priority is to "restore confidence to our nation".
Egypt is braving hard times, where we cannot tolerate these circumstances to continue. Our economy has suffered losses and damages - and day by day it will end up where the youth, who are calling for more reform will be the first victims.
Is that a threat?
11:00pm: He says the current moment "is not related to my personality".
All Egyptians are in the same trench and we should continue engaging in our national dialogue we started, without enmity, to restore confience to our economy, peace and stability to our citizens and to restore the normal way of life to the Egyptian street.
10:58pm: Mubarak is speaking about his military achievements and hundreds of thousands can be heard chanting against him on Al Jazeera's split screen.
10:55pm Mubarak: "I have laid down a clear vision on how to resolve the crisis ... I have amended 6 constitutional articles and annul one. I confirm that I am prepared to propose or amend others as required"
10:52pm Mubarak says that he will not be leaving office immediately, as demanded by the protesters:
I will work to peaceful transition of power. Want to take country from these harsh moments - looking to backing of everyone
10:37pm Egyptian TV currently showing a piece about military hospitals...
10:35pm State TV says the president is due to speak soon... Watch this space: http://aje.me/ajelive
10:34pm #reasonmubarakislate is the top trending hashtag on Twitter - people around the world are waiting for his address.
10:33pm Earlier, state TV showed a clip of Mubarak meeting with Suleiman - it is still not clear what they decided.
10:27pm: Egyptian state TV showing a promotional film for Egypt
10:16pm: Ayman Mohyeldin reports hearing national anthem drifting a mile away from Tahrir Square.
10:02pm: Mubarak expected to make speech imminently. Interior minister says he will not be standing down. Watch our TV stream live online.
9:56pm: There has been a significant change in editorial tone of Egypt's state TV in the past few hours - no longer hiding protests, but showing the masses gathered in Tahrir Square. Presenter and guest openly criticising former ministers - by name - accusing them of corruption, greed and misuse of power
9:44pm: Al Jazeera's Rawya Rageh reports dozens of people wheeling garbage cans around, cleaning up in Tahrir Square, amid the chanting crowds.
9:29pm: Who is Omar Suleiman? Have a look at our profile of the former top intelligence chief and now Egypt's first ever vice president since Hosni Mubarak came to power in 1981.
9:18pm Ahmed Abdul Azim, a protester in Alexandria, says that he doesn't believe in Omar Suleiman:
We want any person who was not part of the previous government. We don't believe in Omar Suleiman or Ahmad Shafiq - we want the whole system to be changed.
9:04pm YouTube.com has linked to our the Al Jazeera channel across their entire site. http://aje.me/YouTB
8:53pm: Don't forget, if you're in Britain - and have Freeview, you can watch us live on TV - right now! And if you're in the US, you can Demand Al Jazeera on your network, too...
8:52pm: Ahmed Abdul Azim, a protester amid joyous scenes in Alexandria, tells us: "We are at the gates of victory."
8:41pm: Mr Obama was late to the podium, and he only touched briefly on Egypt in his remarks to students. He said:
What's absolutely clear is that we are witnessing history unfold. The people of Egypt are calling for change. People representing all ages and all walks of life - but it is young people who are at the forefront - a new generation, your generation, who want their voices to be heard - and we want those young people to know the United States of America will support an orderly transition to democracy.
8:28pm: Meanwhile, Susan Rice, US ambassador to the UN, says: "We support democracy and we look forward to its full realisation in an orderly and prompt and meaningful way. This means we see a process in which all elements of opposition negotiate to bring about free and fair elections that reflect the will of the people.
That process needs to be irreversible. We've supported it and we've called for it to be a peaceful process. What is clear is that the people of Egypt are asking for and demanding a different future, where they have real economic opportunities."
8:25pm: US President Barack Obama due to make Egypt speech at 1830GMT (that's five minutesaway). We'll be covering it on our live TV stream here.
8:17pm: Binyamin Netanyahu, prime minister of Israel, says he hopes whoever replaces Mubarak will uphold the peace treaty with Israel, according to Israel Radio/
8:13pm: Reports of text messages sent out across the main networks: "Armed forces: The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces is currently examining the situation and will announce an important statement to the people." Sender comes up as: MOD.
8:10pm: Al Jazeera's Sherine Tadros speaks to a Cairo resident, who tells her: "It's like I'm graduating from school. I'm excited - but scared about what's coming next."
8:04pm: William Hague, British foreign secretary, says Egypt needs an orderly transition "that includes broadly based government"
8:00pm: Al Jazeera's Alan Fisher reports an army officer put his weapon aside and joined the crowds in Tahrir Square.
7:53pm: Leader of opposition Karama movement tells Al Jazeera he believes "the military approached Mubarak and told him it was time to go".
7:50pm: More on that concern of the Muslim Brotherhood. " It looks like a military coup," said the Brotherhood's Essam al-Erian. "I feel worry and anxiety. The problem is not with the president, it is with the regime."
7:48pm: Al Jazeera's Tristan Redman reports people around him in Tahrir Square are "dancing in the streets".
7:44pm: "If General Sulieman or the military take over, that is of great concern to everyone," says Al Jazeera's Ayman Mohyeldin. "While the military is very much respected, people here want to see a transition from military rule to civilian rule." The past four leaders of Egypt have had a military background.
7:19pm: A senior member of the Muslim Brotherhood reports concern the military is seizing power. Meanwhile, a US State department briefing has been postponed until a time "to be determined".
7:12pm Al Jazeera's Rawya Rageh, reports that people around her in Tahrir Square have a strong sense of anticipation - people believe their moment has come.
7:02pm Robert Gibbs, White House spokesman, says: "The president is watching the same thing you are. I don't know what the outcome will be."
6:54pm Watch Al Jazeera live for the latest news - click here: http://aje.me/ajelive
6:49pm: Alan Fisher, Al Jazeera correspondent, notes the military's Supreme Council has only ever held three open sessions in its history. 1967, 1973 - and today.
6:44pm: Al Jazeera's Sherine Tadros reports the military presence in downtown Cairo has increased in recent hours, with greater numbers of tanks making a highly visible presence.
6:37pm: White House says situation in Egypt is 'fluid'.
6:36pm: State TV reports Mubarak will address the country tonight.
6:23pm: Egypt's prime minister says Mubarak "is still president, and no decisions taken has changed that".
6:21pm: Al Jazeera's Hoda Abdel-Hamid, reporting from Cairo, says the million-man march planned for tomorrow has already begun - Tahrir Square is absolutely packed.
6:19pm: Al-Arabiya reports Mubarak is on his way to the red sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh with chief of staff. No immediate confirmation.
6:15pm: NDP chief reportedly stopped Mubarak making speech, handing power to VP Suleiman.
6:05pm: Al Jazeera's Sherine Tadros, reporting from Cairo, says roads to Cairo airport are reportedly being closed.
6:00pm: The CIA chief reportedly says there is a "strong likelihood" Mubarak will step down tonight.
5:39pm: Huge chant, Tahrir Square seemingly in unison, shouting: "The army and the people in one hand - the army and the people are united."
5:35pm: Ayman Mohyeldin, Al Jazeera's correspondent, reports: "Now, for the first time, we are getting the sense that senior military officers are discussing 'national issues', which is a very significant development indeed."
5:30pm: "Ambiguous" statement from military confirms its “commitment and responsibility to safeguard the people and to protect the interests of the nation, and its duty to protect the riches and assets of the people and of Egypt”. Mentioned the demands of the people are “lawful and legitimate”. Understood the military council met separately from Mubarak.
5:23pm: NDP Secretary General Hossam Badrawi says he expects Mubarak to respond to the demands of the people tonight. An official statement from the military is imminent.
5:20pm: A senior military commander is reported to have told protesters that all their demands will be met, but no official confirmation is yet available
5:15pm: Al Jazeera’s Hoda Abdel-Hamid, reporting from Cairo, confirmed the new demands of those in Tahrir Square include the entire administration to resign – not just President Mubarak.
They want a one-year transitional period before full parliamentary elections - during which a three-person presidential council should run the country while a panel of experts write a new, permanent constitution – taking advice from opposition groups and senior, high-profile Egyptians, including the Muslim Brotherhood.
5:09pm: The Supreme Council of Egyptian Armed Forces is meeting to study its position toward the ongoing crisis.
5:00pm: After the storm, Adam Makary, Al Jazeera English producer, tweets:
I've just witnessed my first rainbow in Cairo - wish I could share it but the lens on my camera phone isn't that good.
Luckily, photojournalist Matthew Cassel (@justimage) has a working camera:
4:40pm Al Jazeera's Rawya Rageh, from Cairo, reports Egypt's prosecutor general is "open to receiving documents that would support cases against accused former officials", according to state TV. Also, decision on re-opening Cairo stock exchange will be announced on Saturday, says the bourse head.
4:10pm: The situation in the north-eastern town of Port Said is calming, Ayman Mohyeldin reports from Cairo, after at least five government buildings - including the governor's office and the office for public housing - were set on fire overnight.
3:49pm Al Jazeera's Hoda Abdel-Hamid, reporting from Cairo, said people are receiving SMS messages from Mahmoud Wagdy, the new interior minister, saying: "The police are back on the streets and are at the service of the people."
Abdel-Hamid said this may be the beginning of a PR campaign at a time when security forces and the interior ministry are hated - even by those who don't support the protests.
3:24pm We're hearing from our correspondents that the coalition of youth movements will shortly announce a refined list of demands for the transfer of power, including the dissolution of parliament and the adoption of a temporary constitution allowing a three-person presidential council - with a representative each from the military and judiciary - to supervise preparations for full presidential and parliamentary elections.
2:58pm Ayman Mohyeldin thanks US viewers for tuning in to Al Jazeera. You can Demand Al Jazeera in your neighbourhood, too.
2:07pm The security chief for the Egyptian city of Wadi al-Jadid (New Valley) was sacked and the police captain who ordered police to shoot at protesters was arrested and will be tried. At least five people were killed and dozens wounded in three days of clashes between police and citizens.
2:00pm The criminal court in Egypt has endorsed the decision of banning three former ministers from leaving the country and the government has also frozen their assets.
1:54pm The Egyptian prime minister forms a committee that will gather evidence on "the illegitimate practices" that resulted from the events of recent weeks. The committee will receive reports from citizens and civil society organizations and then present a report to the public prosecutor.
1:04pm There are lots of jokes and funny banners circulating, both in Tahrir Square and on the internet - this picture of scuba divers is a good example - the signs says: "Leave before we run out of air".
12:54pm Video posted on Youtube yesterday showing a solidarity protest that was held in Gaza to show support for the Egyptian pro-democracy protesters
12:00pm The newly appointed Culture Minister, Gaber Asfour, has quit. His family say it's due to health reasons but Egypt's main daily newspaper al-Ahram says Asfour, who's also a writer, was criticised by his literary colleagues for taking the post.
He was the only new face in the new cabinet.
11:34am In a recent interview with ABC television, Omar Suleiman, the vice president, said he wanted to see democracy, but added quickly:
But when will we do that? When the people here have the culture of democracy.
10:34am Hassan Elghayesh, a 24-year-old Egyptian, thought his only chance of a brighter future would not be in his own country, which he loves dearly. But now, the tables have turned: his faith in people's power has been restored and he feels empowered. Here is an account of his first hand experiences in Tahrir Square.
8:29am Calls for Mubarak to resign are now spreading, with hundreds now camped outside Parliament. Thousands of workers are expected to strike for a second day as they push for pay rises and reforms.
8:18am Khalid Albaih posted this picture on Flickr:
7:58am The Egyptian military has secretly detained hundreds and possibly thousands of suspected government opponents since mass protests, the Guardian newspaper reports.
The military has claimed to be neutral, merely keeping anti-Mubarak protesters and loyalists apart. But human rights campaigners say this is clearly no longer the case, accusing the army of involvement in both disappearances and torture ...
6:58am This is an eyewitness account of the night of February 2, in Tahrir Square when pro-democracy protesters were attacked by Mubarak loyalists.
6:22am Today is the 17th day of protests - and President Mubarak is still holding on to power. Users on some websites are spreading political cartoons as the situation develops.
Picture from precycleonline.com
5:55am Foreign Minister Ahmed Abul Gheit warns that the army, until now a mostly neutral force, would intervene if the protests escalated.
The official MENA news agency, quoted Abul Gheit as saying on Arabic-language satellite television channel Al-Arabiya:
If chaos occurs, the armed forces will intervene to control the country, a step ... which would lead to a very dangerous situation.
5:00am Mona Eltahawy, an award-winning writer and an international public speaker on Arab and Muslim issues, spoke to Al Jazeera, live from New York, on the latest developments in Egypt:
4:15am The United States presses Egypt on reforms as anti-government protests continue unabated:
3:30am Egypt's uprising is being closely watched in Iran. Ali Larijani, the Iranian parliament speaker, blames the US and Israel for bringing instability to the region.
He explained his reasons for doing so to Al Jazeera's Nick Clark:
2:15 Al Jazeera speaks to Hossam El-Hamalawy, a blogger and activist from Cairo, on the strikes sweeping Egypt:
1:45am The fact that Egyptian workers are on strike across the country may be a more worrying development for the government. Behind the scenes, negotiations are under way between a committee of "wise men" and the government to agree on a transition.
But despite those talks, Al Jazeera's Ayman Mohyeldin says the deadlock between the government and the protesters looks set to continue:
1:38am Rania Helmy, a photographer, took this image of Egyptian police earlier and posted it on her facebook page:
1:15am On his twitter feed on Wednesday, Wael Ghonim, a Google marketing executive whose Facebook memorial for a young man beaten to death by the Egyptian police last year helped spark the protests, wrote that protesters are hoping to stage the world's largest funeral this Friday:
12:45am As protests continue, Egyptians have started to count the cost of the uprising - and many are mourning those who have died in the clashes:
12:05am Protesters remain camped out on the streets of Cairo as worker walk-outs contribute to the wave of discontent in Egypt:
12:00am We continue our live blogging for February 10 here, as protests enter the 17th day in Egypt.